Ilala Municipal Council was one of the first 38 Local Government Authorities to undergo restructuring as part of phase one of the Local Government Reform Programme (LGRP) in order to meet the qualities required by the Local Government Act No. 6 of 1999, which aims to devolve political, legal, administrative, and financial powers to local authorities. Ilala Municipal Council was established in 1992, following a decade of poor performance by the old Dar es Salaam City Council, which caused the government to organize a probe team that produced the Mulokozi Report. Following this analysis, the government decided to reform Dar es Salaam’s local government system in 1993.
In 1996, the government disbanded the City Council and established the Dar es Salaam City Commission as an interim administration with the broad mandates of the three restructuring programs. One of the programs was the formation of three new municipal councils, namely Ilala, Temeke, and Kinondoni, with the goal of responding to local demands and conditions for the best service delivery. Thus, on February 1, 2001, the Ilala Municipal Council (together with the citywide authority and the other two municipalities) was formally constituted.
Ilala Municipal Council is organized into three administrative divisions: Ilala, Ukonga, and Kariakoo. The district is divided into wards, which are further subdivided into mitaa. The ward is made up of a set number of mitaa. There are 36 wards and 159 mitaa in the Municipal Council. The wards are listed below: Buguruni, Chanika, Gerezani, Gongolamboto Ilala, Jangwani. Kariakoo, Kimanga, Kinyerezi, Kipawa, Kitunda, Kisutu. Kivukoni, Kivule, Kiwalani, Majohe, Mchafukoge, Mchikichini, Msongola, Pugu, Segerea, Tabata, Ukonga, Upanga East, Upanga West, Vingunguti